From Insider business online magazine based on a Business Enterprise Research and Development Scotland 2016 report:
‘Figures for 2016 show Scotland’s R&D spend hit £1.072bn with manufacturing making up more than half the total and the services industry another third.
The R&D spend is dominated by manufacturing (£592 million), followed by the services industry (£366 million) and ‘other’ product groups such as agriculture, waste management and the oil and gas sector (£114 million).’
In the ten years of SNP government, Scotland’s R&D spend has increased by 69% in real terms while that of the UK, as a whole, has only risen by 22%. Does this contribute to an explanation for the steady flow of good news stories about the Scottish economy recently? See:
Note that Insider is reporting only on private sector, Business-funded, R&D from Business Enterprise Research and Development Scotland 2016 at:
However, we know that from the Space Race through the development of microelectronics, the Internet and the massive costs of defence R&D that government investment has often been the basis for development which corporations have then exploited and there are reports of similar processes in Scotland. See, for example:
See the 2015 graph, above, illustrating the relative R&D spend by Business (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government (GovERD) and Private Non-profit Sectors (PNP). Remember, much of the HERD figure comes in the form of government grants and is of course subsidised by government-funded building and other infrastructure, staffing costs and even student-fee income. University-funding for teaching is higher than that for Further Education colleges essentially because universities are expected to teach within a research culture where all staff are research-active.